The recent and rapid growth of the urban population, along with economic and technological changes caused by globalisation, have led to many challenges and opportunities for services offered by the cities and their infrastructures. These are some of the primary drivers for the development of Smart Cities.
Smart Cities intend to the reduction of cities’ ecosystem challenges such as: main resources management including energy, mobility, environment and non-environmental in order to improve citizens lifestyle and health.
They aim to exploit the opportunities offered by the recent and the future technological advances of the XXI century. The world economy is globally integrated into based-services level, and metropolitan areas are the epicentre of such integration. As the regions with the highest level of population and buildings, cities consequently drag all the leading socio-economic features enhancing these places with all kinds of competitiveness and development needed for sustainable growth.
Additionally, recent updates in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), in line with the reduction of its costs such as with mobile devices, free social media and Big Data/OpenData, provide the cities with opportunities and tools to better understand, communicate and predict their urban functions. The primary goal of a Smart City is to create integrated smart solutions, enhancing citizens and cities sustainable growth, delivering unified solutions for urban areas, adding intelligence to diverse domains of the city life.